ИДЕНТИФИКАЦИЯ ЗАМЕЩЕНИЯ (1B)1R И ТРАНСЛОКАЦИИ 1BL.1RS У ИНТРОГРЕССИВНЫХ ЛИНИЙ ОЗИМОЙ ПШЕНИЦЫ ЦИТОЛОГИЧЕСКИМ И МОЛЕКУЛЯРНО-ГЕНЕТИЧЕСКИМ МЕТОДАМИ

CC BY - Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

RAI : 20.500.11925/873190

Год создания: 2012
Дата публикации в реестре: 25.08.2017


Авторы:


Описание:
<p align="LEFT">Замещение хромосомы <span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">1</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">В пшеницы на хромосому </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">1R </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">ржи и транслокация </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">1BL.1RS и</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">дентифицирова</span></span></span>ны с помощью цитологического анализа и молекулярных маркеров у оригинальных интрогрессивных линий <span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">F</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: xx-small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: xx-small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: xx-small;" lang="JA">∞</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">, </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">полученных в результате сложных отдаленных скрещиваний с участием октоплоидного </span></span></span>тритикале<span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">, </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">твердой пшеницы и производных амфидиплоида </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">(</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">АД</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">) </span></span></span><em><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;">T. timopheevii </span></span></span></em><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">Zhuk./</span></span></span><em><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;">Aegilops tauschii </span></span></span></em>Coss. <span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">С очень низкой частотой </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">(</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">в </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">0,2–0,3 % </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">материнских клеток пыльцы </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">– </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">МКП</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">) </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">наблюдалась конъ</span></span></span>югация между короткими плечами <span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">1BL.1RS </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">и </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">1B </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">хромосом мягкой пшеницы</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">. </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">Линии с транслокацией б</span></span></span>ыли устойчивы<span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">, </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">а с целой хромосомой </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">1R – </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">восприимчивы к листовой и стеблевой ржавчине</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">, </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">что </span></span></span>связано с разным происхождением <span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">1R-</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">хромосом</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">, </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">вовлеченных в транслокацию или замещение</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">. </span></span></span>У некоторых интрогрессивных линий присутствует ген <em><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;">Hg1</span></span></span></em><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">, </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">контролирующий опушение колоса</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">, </span></span></span>переданный от сорта Гостианум <span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">237. </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">Опушение листа сверху</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">, </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">снизу и по краю листовой пластинки </span></span></span>обнаружено у нескольких линий<span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">. </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">Данные признаки перенесены от АД </span></span></span><em><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;">T. timopheevii </span></span></span></em><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">Zhuk./</span></span></span><em><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;">Aegilops </span></span></span></em>tauschii <span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">Coss </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">и</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">, </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">предположительно</span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">, </span></span></span><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;" lang="JA">происходят от </span></span></span><em><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPS-ItalicMT; font-size: small;">Ae. tauschii</span></span></span></em><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;"><span style="color: #231f20; font-family: TimesNewRomanPSMT; font-size: small;">.</span></span></span></p>

Язык:
rus

Тип:
Научные статьи

Банк знаний:
Научные журналы на платформе Elpub

Источник:
Вавиловский журнал генетики и селекции




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